People are prone to making mistakes. Errors are inherent to human nature.

In the constantly changing business environment, mistakes are an unavoidable reality. However, these perceived or actual mistakes can have significant financial consequences for professionals and their businesses. 

Enter errors and omissions (E&O) insurance — a crucial shield that can help protect professionals from the outcomes of alleged professional negligence or errors.

What Is E&O Insurance?

E&O insurance safeguards consultants and other professionals who advise and consult with their clients. It is intended to protect professionals from liability arising from mistakes or negligence in providing their services. 

Errors and omissions (E&O) insurance for consultants

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With financial loss and reputational damage as a potential consequence, obtaining this form of insurance is a wise and responsible decision for any business professional.

Legal disputes can arise unexpectedly, and their financial repercussions can be significant. That is where E&O insurance comes in, providing financial cover against unforeseen circumstances. Even if you are not found liable for a claim, E&O insurance covers the cost of your legal defence, giving you peace of mind and protecting your finances.

7 Myths and Truths About E&O Insurance

1. Myth: E&O insurance is only for large businesses and corporations.

Truth: Many small businesses or independent professionals may assume they are not exposed to risks and do not require E&O insurance. However, the fact is that regardless of the size of the business, anyone can make mistakes or be accused of negligence. It is equally essential for companies of all sizes to have E&O insurance. Smaller businesses and sole proprietors are often more vulnerable to E&O claims as they may need more resources to defend themselves.

2. Myth: General liability insurance is sufficient and will cover me for E&O claims.

Truth: Some businesses believe that general liability insurance covers all liabilities, including professional errors. However, it’s important to note that while general liability insurance covers third-party property damage or bodily injury, it usually doesn’t provide coverage for professional errors.

3. Myth: I’m low-risk — I’ll never get sued, so I don’t need E&O insurance.

Truth: Some professions might think they don’t need E&O insurance because they are considered low-risk. However, even if a professional is careful and competent, they can still be sued for alleged negligence, misconduct, or failure to deliver services; any professional service can be vulnerable to legal claims. Therefore, having E&O insurance is critical to mitigating the financial risks associated with these claims.

4. Myth: E&O insurance is necessary only for traditional fields.

Truth: E&O insurance is not limited to law or medicine but can benefit professionals in various fields such as technology, marketing, finance, and real estate. In today’s litigious society, having E&O insurance is becoming increasingly fundamental to protect one’s career and financial stability.

5. Myth: An E&O insurance premium is too expensive.

Truth: E&O insurance premiums vary depending on several factors, such as your industry, professional services, business size, and location. However, compared to potential legal expenses, its financial protection outweighs the costs, as E&O insurance protects you from possible financial consequences of claims and lawsuits.

6. Myth: E&O claims or disputes can be handled without insurance, or contracts are enough protection.

Truth: While signed contracts are valuable, they may not cover every possible scenario or protect you from legal action. Additionally, E&O claims can be complicated and costly to defend. Having E&O insurance adds an extra layer of protection to your business, ensuring that you have access to experienced legal representation and that the cost of defence does not become a financial burden.

7. Myth: E&O insurance only covers claims of professional negligence.

Truth: E&O insurance can also cover claims for errors in professional services, such as omissions, misrepresentation, and violations of good faith. Regardless of your service, E&O insurance is a fundamental part of a comprehensive risk management strategy.

What Liability Risks Do Consultants Face?

Several liability risks could result in financial loss or harm, and E&O insurance claims can arise in various professional scenarios. While specific situations may vary, here are some common scenarios that highlight the diverse nature of E&O claims across Canada:

Professional Negligence

If a client alleges that your professional negligence has led to their financial loss or any other harm, you may be at risk of a lawsuit. For instance, if an accountant makes a mistake while preparing taxes, the client may pay penalties and interest charges.


Failure to provide clients with all the necessary information to make informed decisions could result in a lawsuit if a client claims that you didn’t exercise the expected level of diligence or omitted crucial details. For instance, a financial advisor recommends an investment strategy that results in significant losses for the client. The client alleges that the advisor failed to disclose critical information and filed a claim for damages.


If a consultant provides false information regarding their qualifications or services, a client can take legal action against them for the losses incurred due to the consultant’s flawed advice. For instance, if a consultant gives inaccurate information about their professional accreditation, which results in the client’s work being deemed ineligible in some capacity, the client can file a claim for financial loss, citing misrepresentation.

Failure to Deliver Services

If a client accuses you of not providing the services you agreed to or failing to meet the expected level of care, they may take legal action against you. For instance, if a web developer fails to meet deadlines and delivers a website that does not function as promised, the client may lose business.

Breach of Contract

If a client accuses you of violating a contractual agreement, such as not meeting specific deadlines or performance expectations, they might take legal action against you. For instance, if a construction contractor fails to finish a project according to the agreed-upon specifications, the client may incur extra expenses and delays.


You may be liable for defamation lawsuits if your professional statements or actions damage a client’s reputation.

Data Breaches and Cyber-Attacks

If your business deals with sensitive client data, a data breach or cyber-attack could result in lawsuits claiming negligence in data security measures. Take a software consultant who develops a system with vulnerabilities, leading to a data breach for the client. That client could file a claim for financial losses, alleging that the consultant failed to provide a secure solution.

Copyright Infringement

You could be sued if your work inadvertently infringes upon someone else’s copyright. An example is if a graphic designer fails to secure necessary rights for an image used for business purposes by a client, leading to legal action for copyright infringement.

Misappropriation of Trade Secrets

Misuse or unauthorized disclosure of confidential information, such as trade secrets belonging to a client or competitor, can lead to lawsuits.

Violation of Industry Regulations

Neglecting to adhere to industry regulations or professional standards can have severe repercussions, including lawsuits for negligence or misconduct.

How Does E&O Insurance Protect Consultants?

E&O insurance provides several benefits to businesses and professionals offering professional services, such as:

Peace of Mind

Offers peace of mind by knowing that your business is protected from the unexpected financial burdens of professional liability claims. That allows you to focus on delivering your services with confidence and assurance.

Professional Diligence

It helps if facing an allegation or lawsuit due to professional negligence. It provides coverage for claims related to media and advertising, protecting consultants from defamation, libel, or slander lawsuits stemming from their work.

Client Satisfaction and Acquisition

Working with an insured consultant can enhance clients’ sense of security and boost trust in the firm’s professionalism, demonstrating that it takes its professional obligations seriously and is responsible. That can lead to increased client acquisition and growth opportunities for the business because trust and credibility are paramount to winning new clients in the consulting industry.


Enhances trust and credibility with clients, demonstrating that you are committed to professional standards and risk management and provide quality services while being financially responsible.

Financial Stability and Protection

Provides financial coverage against legal defence costs and settlements arising from professional liability claims, safeguarding your business from lawsuits’ potentially devastating economic consequences.

Legal Expense Coverage

It covers the legal costs of defending yourself in case of a lawsuit or legal claim due to alleged professional negligence. It reduces the financial burden on the consultant, even if you are ultimately not liable for a claim.

Business Continuity

It ensures your business can operate smoothly despite unexpected challenges.

Risk Management

Maintaining high standards in this area is a crucial aspect of any professional practice as a risk management practice. E&O insurance provides a backup in case of unexpected challenges and is one of the most effective risk mitigation tools available to consultants.

A consultant without E&O insurance faces a risky proposition. For example:

Financial Consequences

Without E&O insurance, consultants face the financial burden of defending themselves against professional liability claims. That could result in substantial out-of-pocket expenses for legal fees and potential settlements, accumulating rapidly and even leading to bankruptcy.

Reputational Damage

The mere existence of a lawsuit can negatively impact client relationships and future business opportunities, even if the consultant is not found at fault.

Business Disruption

It allows you to focus on running your business without the constant worry of potential litigation and the time-consuming disruption of a lawsuit.

Limited Client Opportunities

Some clients may require consultants to have E&O insurance to mitigate their risks. Without it, consultants may lose out on potential business opportunities.

Personal Liability

Without E&O insurance, consultants’ personal assets may be at risk if they are named in a lawsuit. That could include personal savings, property, or other assets.

Limited Access to Financing

If you face a professional liability claim without E&O insurance, securing capital from financial lenders may be difficult, as they may perceive your business as a higher risk.

Business Failure

In severe cases, the financial strain of defending against professional liability claims without E&O insurance can lead to a business failing.

E&O insurance is an essential investment for consultants, offering various benefits beyond financial protection. It empowers consultants to focus on delivering exceptional services and achieving business success.

What Types of Consultants Need E&O Insurance?

Consultants across these industries must assess their risks and consider obtaining E&O insurance tailored to their professional needs.

It is particularly crucial for consultants and other professionals like accountants, architects, and many other service providers. Here are some of the specific types of consultants who need E&O insurance:

  • Management consultants help clients improve their operations. These consultants offer strategic planning, organizational development, and human resources management expertise. However, suppose a client believes that the advice given by a consultant resulted in financial loss or did not meet their expectations. In that case, the consultant may face claims related to their advice.
  • Financial consultants offer financial planning, investment advice, and other financial consulting services and provide investment, tax, and retirement planning guidance to individuals and businesses. However, there is a risk that the advice provided may result in financial losses, which could lead to lawsuits against financial consultants.
  • Marketing consultants are experts in marketing, advertising, or branding. They assist businesses in creating and executing marketing strategies such as brand development, advertising, and social media marketing. However, they may face legal claims related to the effectiveness of their campaigns, intellectual property disputes, or misleading advertising.
  • Technology consultants are individuals or firms who offer information technology, software development, and system implementation services. They are crucial in advising businesses on various aspects of IT, including software implementation, cybersecurity, and network infrastructure. However, IT consultants may face liability issues due to coding errors, project delays, or security breaches.
  • Human resources consultants consult on various human resources issues, including recruitment, training, and employee relations. However, despite their expertise, there is always a risk of facing claims related to wrongful termination advice, discrimination issues, or other HR-related matters.
  • Engineering consultants provide engineering consulting services, including design, analysis, or project management. Engineering consultants may face claims related to design errors, project delays, or construction issues.
  • Healthcare consultants provide consulting services for healthcare management, policy, or process improvement. Healthcare consultants may face claims related to advice on regulatory compliance, patient care, or process improvement.

In addition to these specific types of consultants, other professionals that provide advice or services should consider E&O insurance, including:

  • Lawyers, paralegals, and legal consultants provide legal advice and representation, possibly leading to malpractice claims. Legal consultants (offering consulting services outside of traditional legal representation) may be held liable for errors and omissions related to the correctness of their legal advice, contract drafting, or other consulting services.
  • Accountants providing accounting and tax services may face claims of errors in financial statements or tax returns.
  • Real estate agents provide consulting services, property valuation, and investment advice to clients. Due to the nature of their work, they may face claims related to property valuation, investment recommendations, or other consulting services. These agents may also face allegations of negligence or misrepresentation concerning buying and selling properties.

There are many more, such as contractors, bookkeepers, hairstylists, and event planners. Any professional who provides advice or services for a fee should consider E&O insurance to protect themselves from the potential financial consequences of professional liability claims.

How to Get E&O Insurance Quickly

Zensurance makes it easy and efficient to obtain the E&O coverage you require.

Fill out our online application for a free quote. Let our knowledgeable brokers shop our partner network of over 50 Canadian insurance providers to get the low-cost protection you need and customize it to suit your business.

– Reviewed by Vinoth Thiru, Senior Team Lead, Technology and Professional Liability, Zensurance

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About the Author: Liam Lahey

Liam is the Content Marketing Manager at Zensurance. A writer and editor for more than 20 years, he has been published in several newspapers and magazines, including Yahoo! Canada Finance, Metroland Media, IT World Canada and others.